The limbic system - controlling unconscious functions
The limbic system (orange in Fig. 1) controls the automatic body functions and translates the impulses of the cerebrum into actions . Figuratively speaking, this is the state apparatus with its officials in the executive functions: as judges, public prosecutors, administration and enforcement.
These organs are in detail:
Jurisdiction: The amygdala
It belongs - metaphorically speaking - to the "jurisdiction" and public prosecutor's office.
As the central evaluation instance, it is the "trigger centre for decisions". It is also involved in the development and processing of fear.
Implementation and enforcement: the hypothalamus
By releasing nerve messengers and hormones, it causes decisions to be translated into physical reactions.
Management: The hippocampus
This is where learning experiences are "managed". Things and situation features are stored by linking them to feelings and thus "labelling and classifying" them. (When a familiar feeling arises, the corresponding learned behaviour pattern is automatically called up before thinking kicks in. This enables fast, reflex-like action in acute threat). However, the hippocampus is also susceptible to stress. (The "resting needs of civil servants" are proverbial J). Research has shown that the hippocampus can regress with persistent stress and negativity.
Confusion in thoughts and feelings, anxiety and excessive demands, lead to inner confusion and make it difficult to deal constructively with challenging situations.