The Trail of the Great Goddess in Fairy Tales
The Goddess in her third aspect as the Great Mother
Frau Holle corresponds to the great mother, the female deity in her third aspect (see . Feminine Wholeness - the Goddess, White / Red / Black). As mistress of the underworld she stands for the power in nature (matter) and for fate. She rules over nature and the weather. She also judges people according to their deeds and gives them their just reward (in the form of their fate, which is expressed in gold or bad luck).
Huld, bright, friendly
The name "Holle" is one of the few traces of the great goddess still to be found in fairy tales. Her name can be associated with the Germanic goddess Hel - Halia - Huld or heil, whole (English), hel (Swedish), who holds the realm of the hidden, the unconscious, namely the underworld.
However, the names "Holle" and "Hel" also echo the German word "Hölle" (hell), and also the English word for hell: hell. That this word originally had a positive connotation is again shown by the German adjective "hell", which is associated with light, and "heil", which is associated with wholeness.
From Mother Holle to Hell - What Happened?
Rebellion against the harshness of fate and the demonisation of strong femininity began as early as Babylon (see Introduction to the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh). It led to the condemnation of the young woman ("goddess of love") as a whore and to the fight against the mature woman as a fearsome monster (bull) or as a witch.
[S. The Great Feminine in the Underworld. ]
Western culture has only just begun to free itself from such thought patterns. Disney's Maleficent films are an example of this.
[S. Maleficent, the dark fairy as goddess of fate.]