What is the soul?
In human traditions, there are two different ways of understanding the term "soul". However, they are definitely related:
1. soul for life
For ancient man, the word "soul" was identical with "life".
This understanding of the word "soul" also explains why it is interchangeable with the word "life" in many cultures and languages, e.g. in phrases such as: "No soul was there".
Life from the unity of spirit and matter, father and mother
Life is matter "animated" by the spirit. It takes place between heaven and earth and arises from the fusion of the ultimate opposites: "male" and"female" (see spirit and matter, mother and father).
2. the soul as the immaterial part of the personality
In demarcation of body and soul
Life between heaven and earth is in itself also again "male" and "female", namely body ("son") and soul ("daughter"). While the body is tangible and measurable, the soul contains the immaterial, "invisible" aspects of the personality. These consist of will, mind and feelings and cannot be materially grasped (counted, weighed). On the contrary; they are only expressed when they manifest themselves physically (through facial expressions, gestures, words or deeds).
Will, mind and feelings
Nevertheless, the soul can be just as individually pronounced as the body. While one person is strong-willed, another is very emotional and a third is more mind-oriented.
(Even more highly developed animals have a soul . Dogs, for example, sometimes very much have a will of their own. Moreover, they are capable of learning and also express feelings such as joy or shame).